- Outpatient: Patients that will have greater than 95% survival and will not need to be hospitalised.
- Very High: Survival greater than or equal to 90%, length of stay (LOS) less than or equal to 14-21 days, 1 to 2 operations needed.
- High: Survival greater than or equal to 90%, LOS 14-21 days, multiple operations necessary, prolonged rehabilitation.
- Medium: Survival greater than 50% but less than 90% even with full treatment.
- Low: Survival greater than 10% but less than 50% despite full treatment.
- Expectant: Survival less than or equal to 10% despite full treatment.
Burn Care: Regionalisation, Organisation and Triage
ABA Board of Trustees, the Committee on Organization and Delivery of Burn Care (2005) Disaster management and the ABA plan. Journal Burn Care Rehabil, 26(2): 102-6.
American Burn Association (2015) National burn repository benchmark report. [Accessed: 3 November 2015] Available from ameriburn.org
American Burn Association (2014) Consultation/verification program for burn centers. [Accessed: 3 November 2015] Available from ameriburn.org
American College of Surgeons, Committee on Trauma (2006) Resources for optimal care of the injured patient. Chicago, IL: ACS.
Barillo DJ, Hallock GG, Mastropieri CJ et al. (1989) Utilization of the burn unit for nonburn patients: the “wound intensive care unit”. Ann Plast Surg, 23(5): 426-9.
Baxter CR, Marvin J, Curreri PW (1973) Fluid and electrolyte therapy of burn shock. Heart Lung, 2(5): 707-13.
Bell N, Simons R, Hameed SM et al. (2012) Does direct transport to provincial burn centres improve outcomes? A spatial epidemiology of severe burn injury in British Columbia, 2001-2006. Can J Surg, 55(2): 110-6.
Birkmeyer JD (2000) Should we regionalize major surgery? Potential benefits and policy considerations. J Am Coll Surg, 190(3): 341-9.
Birkmeyer JD, Siewers AE, Finlayson EV et al. (2002) Hospital volume and surgical mortality in the United States. N Engl J Med, 346(15): 1128-37.
Brigham PA, Dimick AR (2008) The evolution of burn care facilities in the United States. J Burn Care Res, 29(1): 248-56.
Curreri PW, Richmond D, Marvin J et al. (1974) Dietary requirements of patients with major burns. J Am Diet Assoc, 65(4): 415-7.
Demling RH, DeSanti L (2003) Oxandrolone induced lean mass gain during recovery from severe burns is maintained after discontinuation of the anabolic steroid. Burns, 29(8): 793-7.
Desai MH, Herndon DN, Broemeling L et al. (1990) Early burn wound excision significantly reduces blood loss. Ann Surg, 211(6): 753-9.
Endorf FW, Supple KG, Gamelli RL (2005) The evolving characteristics and care of necrotizing soft-tissue infections. Burns, 31(3): 269-73.
Faucher LD, Morris SE, Edelman LS et al. (2001) Burn center management of necrotizing soft-tissue surgical infections in unburned patients. Am J Surg, 182(6): 563-9.
Gamelli RL et al. (2007) ABA/ACS Verification review committee [PowerPoint presentation]. [Accessed: 6 November 2015] Available from: ameriburn.org/VerificationPresentation.pdf
Gibran NS, Klein MB, Engrav LH et al. (2005) UW Burn Centre. A model for regional delivery of burn care. Burns, Suppl 1: S36-9.
Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (2010) National inpatient sample (HCUP-NIS: 2010 data); National hospital discharge survey (2010 data). [Accessed: 3 November 2015] Available from hcup-us.ahrq.gov/db/nation/nis/NISIntroduction2010.pdf
Holmes JH 4th, Carter JE, Neff LP et al. (2011) The effectiveness of regionalized burn care: an analysis of 6,873 burn admissions in North Carolina from 2000 to 2007. J Am Coll Surg, 212(4): 487-95.
Hussain A, Choukairi F, Dunn K (2013) Predicting survival in thermal injury: a systematic review of methodology of composite prediction models. Burns, 39(5): 835-50.
Jeschke MG, Finnerty CC, Shahrokshi S et al. (2013) Wound coverage technologies in burn care: novel techniques. J Burn Care Res, 34(6): 612-20.
Kastenmeier A, Faraklas I, Cochran A et al. (2010) The evolution of resource utilization in regional burn centres. J Burn Care Res, 31(1): 130-6.
Klein MB, Mack CD, Kramer CB et al. (2008) Influence of injury characteristics and payer status on burn treatment location in Washington state. J Burn Care Res, 29(3): 435-40.
Klein MB, Nathens AB, Emerson D et al. (2007) An analysis of the long-distance transport of burn patients to a regional burn centre. J Burn Care Res, 28(1): 49-55.
Klein MB, Nathens AB, Heimbach DM et al. (2006) An outcome analysis of patients transferred to a regional burn center: transfer status does not impact survival. Burns, 32(8): 940-5.
MacKenzie EJ, Rivara FP, Jurkovich GJ et al. (2006) A national evaluation of the effect of trauma-centre care on mortality. N Engl J Med, 354(4): 366-78.
Luft HS, Bunker JP, Enthoven AC (2007) Should operations be regionalized? The empirical relation between surgical volume and mortality. Clin Orthop Relat Res, 457: 3-9.
Pacella SJ, Butz DA, Comstock MC et al. (2006) Hospital volume outcome and discharge disposition of burn patients. Plas Reconstr Surg, 117(4): 1296-305.
Palmieri TL, London JA, O’Mara MS et al. (2008) Analysis of admissions and outcomes in verified and nonverified burn centers. J Burn Care Res, 29(1): 208-12.
Palmieri TL, Greenhalgh DG, Saffle JR et al. (2002) A multicentre review of toxic epidermal necrolysis treated in U.S. burn centers at the end of the twentieth century. J Burn Care Rehabil, 23(2): 87-96.
Patel NP, Brandt CP, Yowler CJ (2006) A prospective study of the impact of a critical care pharmacist assigned as a member of the multidisciplinary burn care team. J Burn Care, 27(3): 310-3.
Praiss IL, Feller I, James MH (1980) The planning and organization of a regionalized burn care system. Med Care, 18(2): 202-10.
Saffle JR, Gibran N, Jordan M (2005) Defining the ratio of outcomes to resources for triage of burn patients in mass casualties. J Burn Care Rehabil, 26(6): 478-82.
Sheridan RL, Hinson MI, Liang MH et al. (2000) Long-term outcome of children surviving massive burns. JAMA, 283(1): 69-73.
Sheridan RL (2003) Burn care: results of technical and organizational progress. JAMA, 290(6): 719-22.
Sheridan R, Weber J, Prelack K et al. (1999) Early burn centre transfer shortens the length of hospitalization and reduces complications in children with serious burn injuries. J Burn Care Rehabil, 20(5): 347-50.
Taylor S, Jeng J, Saffle JR, et al. (2014) Redefining the outcomes to resources ratio for burn patient triage in a mass casualty. J Burn Care Res, 35(1): 41-5.
Warden GD, Heimbach D (2003) Regionalization of burn care – a concept whose time has come. J Burn Care Rehabil, 24(3): 173-4.
Wolf SE, Rose JK, Desai MH et al. (1997) Mortality determinants in massive pediatric burns. Ann Surg, 225(5): 554-69.
Zonies D, Mack C, Kramer B et al. (2010) Verified centers, nonverified centers, or other facilities: a national analysis of burn patient treatment location. J Am Coll Surg, 210(3): 299-305.
The HAMILTON-C1 neo is a versatile neonatal ventilator that combines invasive and noninvasive modes with the additional options of nCPAP and high flow oxygen therapy. The integrated turbine allows it to be operated independently of a compressed air supply....
Features The SynoVent E5 is the ventilator you need with the interface you want. It does not only include advanced ventilator functionality for patients ranging from infant to adult, but also a modern, easy-to-use interface. The display can be configured...
FeaturesSV 300 is a state-of-the-art ventilator that’s simple to configure, easy to operate and versatile in use. It equips with extensive ventilation modes that can treats pediatric and adult patients with all acuity levels at ICUs and Intermediate Care.With...
XENIOS AG is a medical device company with the three brands, novalung, i-cor and medos, that run on a single XENIOS platform. This platform enables next-generation therapies for lung and heart failure. No other company except XENIOS AG is offering lung...