Latest Articles in ICU
Shock is an emergency, and if it is not treated, it will mostly be fatal. Early intervention and admission to the ICU is essential. Our cover story considers several aspects of shock, including pathophysiology and multi-organ dysfunction syndrome, as well as source control, fluids, differentiatRead more
Pathophysiology of endotoxic shock
Mechanisms of endotoxin-induced multi-organ damage. Endotoxin-induced sepsis remains a leading cause of mortality in intensive care units (ICUs) worldwide. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) identification by the immune system triggers a cascade of signalling pathways, leading to the release of sevRead more
Fluids in shock
Fluid management during shock from physiology to bedside. Shock is a common life-threatening, generalised form of acute circulatory failure in critically ill patients, which is usually managed by infusing fluids to increase cardiac output and supply the systemic oxygen request. InternatioRead more
It is time for improved fluid stewardship
A conceptual framework for developing institutional programmes and guidelines to enhance fluid stewardship (especially in the intensive care unit [ICU] environment), an activity that includes appropriate selection, dosing, duration, de-escalation, and monitoring of fluid therapy. The primarRead more
Vasoactive medication and RCTs - an impossible marriage
A review and introduction of the concept “enough.” We provide a brief overview of important physiology and the pharmacology of vasoactive drugs that are currently used in the ICU as well as newer agents, along with a concise review of recent publications comparing these agents. We attemptRead more
Advances in source control in patients with sepsis and septic shock
In the past decades there have been significant advances in the diagnosis and management of patients with sepsis and septic shock, and overall awareness has increased significantly (Angus and van der Poll 2013). Emphasis is currently on the early detection of sepsis and rapid initiation of flRead more
Organ cross-talk in shock and critical illness
Organ cross-talk is a popular mechanism invoked to explain the progression of multi-organ dysfunction syndrome; however this term is often ill-defined and may encompass many differing mechanisms of organ interaction. In this article the concept of cross-talk is reviewed and its real meaning tRead more
POCUS and SHOCK
Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is an invaluable tool to differentiate the various types of shock which may co-exist in the critically unwell patient. It is beyond the remit of this article to teach the skill of POCUS. Rather, it provides an overview of how the various POCUS modules could beRead more
Xenon limits brain damage following cardiac arrest
Xenon and brain injury. Xenon, a chemically inert but biologically active monatomic gas, has been applied in patients for anaesthesia/sedation, and most recently in the critical care of patients with acute ongoing neurological damage. Following preclinical evidence that xenonRead more
What’s new in sepsis in children?
The latest in diagnosis and treatment. Sepsis is a life-threatening condition in children. Current paediatric definitions are based on systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Since the publication of the third international consensus definitions for sepsis and septic shock for adults, efRead more
XENIOS AG is a medical device company with the three brands, novalung, i-cor and medos, that run on a single XENIOS platform. This platform enables next-generation therapies for lung and heart failure. No other company except XENIOS AG is offering lung...
Designed for many applications. Venue is a multi-purpose, point of care system that is also well-suited to help you manage patients in shock. It includes automated tools that enable you to quickly get the information you need to make fast decisions...
The HAMILTON-T1 combines for the first time the functionality of a fully featured intensive care unit ventilator with the compactness and ruggedness required for transport. This is why the HAMILTON-T1 enables you to provide optimal ventilation therapy...
Features Mindray BeneVision Central Monitoring System is a powerful and scalable solution providing for continuous, real-time surveillance across networks large and small. The system can display patient information from networked monitors, wireless...
Features The SynoVent E3 does not only include advanced ventilator functionality but also a modern, easy to use interface. The display can be configured to suit each clinician’s taste and needs, and gives quick and easy control over ventilator...