Interventional Radiology Offers New Treatment for Enlarged Prostates

According to researchers, men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) — the prostate is enlarged but not cancerous — have a new, breakthrough treatment option that is less invasive and has fewer complications than other minimally invasive treatments, such as transurethral resection of the prostate and surgical opti

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MR Spectroscopy for BRCA Gene

According to researchers, a magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) technique that monitors biochemical changes in tissue could improve the management of women at risk of breast cancer. Their study published in the journal Radiology aimed to assess 2-D localised correlated spectroscopy (L-COSY) as a noninvasive means to

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Excessive Blood Tests in Heart Surgery Patients Lead to Anaemia, Transfusions

According to an article published in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, laboratory testing among patients undergoing cardiac surgery can lead to excessive bloodletting and can increase the risk of developing hospital-acquired anaemia and the need for blood transfusion. Previous research already shows that patients who re

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Doctors Commonly Misinterpret End-of-Life Care Documents

A pair of studies published in the Journal of Patient Safety show "significant confusion" among emergency physicians and prehospital care providers in interpreting the universal end-of-life care documents, called Physicians Orders for Life Sustaining Treatment (POLST), which communicate seriously ill patients' choices

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Only Half of Physicians Use Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs

State databases that monitor prescription medications to prevent the abuse and misuse of controlled substances are used by only half of physicians, despite widespread awareness of such programs. According to a new national survey, barriers include difficulties in database usability and lim

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Hospital Aesthetics Not Enough To Improve Patient Satisfaction

Patient satisfaction ratings do not rise in proportion to hospital renovation expenditures, according to a pre- and post-evaluation study conducted by researchers at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. The study found that patients’ experiences of care were only modestly impacted by hospital aesthetics,

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Heart Valve Repair Improves Patient's Emotional Wellbeing

An article published in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery reveals that patients with severe mitral regurgitation (MR) often suffer from psycho-emotional symptoms such as depression and anxiety but these symptoms improve markedly after undergoing mitral value repair surgery. Research indicates that approximately one in fo

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Study Shows Young Women Ignore Symptoms of Heart Attack

New research led by the Yale School of Public Health finds that younger women ignore or dismiss early symptoms of an impending heart attack such as pain and dizziness. They also delay seeking emergency medical care. That is why death rates of young women as compared to similarly aged men are much higher. The research h

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Virtual Patient Project: Avatars Express Emotion For Clinician Training

Medical students learning to relate to patients often interact with “standardised patients” portrayed by healthy people who are trained to act like real patients. The drawback of that type of interaction is that it is relatively expensive, and students do not always get to experience the&nb

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Flexible Nanosensors Adhere to Skin To Measure Vital Signs

Flexible nanosensors which can adhere to biological surfaces such as human skin will improve the use of wearable devices that measure breath, heart pressure and temperature. The low-cost technology developed by researchers at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM) Institute of Optoelectronics Systems and Microtec

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Palbociclib Effective for Hormone-Resistant Breast Cancer

Results of a Phase II study led by researchers in the Abramson Cancer Center and the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania show that Palbociclib, an oral medication that works by blocking molecules responsible for cancer cell growth, is well tolerated and extends progression-free survival (PFS)

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Vincristine Associated with Increased Risk of Nerve Disorder

According to a study published in JAMA, children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia who had a certain gene variant experienced a higher incidence and severity of peripheral neuropathy after receiving treatment with the cancer drug vincristine.   Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is the most common childhood canc

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3-D Vaccine Against Cancer and Infectious Diseases

Researchers at the Harvard University School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have developed a novel 3D vaccine that could provide an effective way to harness the immune system and fight cancer as well as infection diseases. The findings have been published in Nature Biotechnology. The 3D vaccine spontaneously assem

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New Technique May Target Tumours More Effectively

A team of researchers at the University of North Carolina and Duke University have discovered a new technique to target tumours with cancer-fighting drugs. The study has been published in Science Translational Medicine. The technique is called iontophoresis and delivers high concentrations of chemotherapy to select ar

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