Editorial

seamless emergency care, “golden hour”, Prof. Jean-Louis Vincent, AIS patients

Providing seamless emergency care is the ideal for those of us who work in emergency medicine and intensive care. In the past, intensive care units were a closed part of the hospital, and admission was strictly controlled. This idea is obsolete now. It is heartening that we are providing more integrated care between emergency and intensive care. Intensivists need to go out of the ICU and take action earlier

News

France, Critical care, survey

When patients present with organ failure to French teaching hospitals, the receiving hospitals have very varied staffing and organisation, according to a survey by the French Society of Anaesthesia & Intensive Care - Sociéte française d’anesthésie et de réanimation (SFAR). The results have been published in the Society’s journal, Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine. When patients pres

Cover Story

Acute ischaemic stroke, ICU, Stroke pathways

Defining the Role of the Intensive Care UnitThis review article aims to alter the preconceived mindset that surrounds the intensive care unit (ICU) and the patient with an acute ischaemic stroke (AIS). A contemporary body of evidence is emerging that shows that specific interventions can improve outcomes, and this article highlights key evidence-based strategies in AIS management. More importantly, it focus

Therapeutic Hypothermia, Cardiac Arrest

Targeted temperature management is the key intervention for improving neurological outcomes after cardiac arrest. We discuss new data on the optimal timing and modalities of targeted temperature management. It took nearly half a century, from 1957 to 2002, for therapeutic hypothermia to acquire its current status as a key intervention for improving neurological outcomes in survivors of cardiac arrest. Desp

Trauma, Burn, Burn Care, Triage

The interdisciplinary nature of burn care has driven centre regionalisation. The role of burn centres in the national trauma system cannot be overstated. Burn centres, essential components of any trauma system, serve a broad base of patients, including potentially those injured in mass casualty events. Over the past fifty years, the field of burn care has made dramatic improvements in patient outcomes fol

Emergency Medicine, Switzerland

Switzerland is a country of 8.2 million inhabitants, who mostly live outside one of the six major cities: Zurich (384,786 inhabitants), Geneva (191,557), Basel (174,491), Lausanne (132,626), Berne (128,848) and Winterthur (105,676) (Bundesamt für Statistik 2015). Switzerland is composed of 26 cantons that enjoy a great deal of independence from the federation. The jurisdiction of the emergency service and

Blast injury, Trauma, Bombings, Emergency Medicine

What to Expect in Civilian vs. Military ContextsCivilian blast injuries are not rare, but most are not due to military explosives, meaning extrapolation from military texts is often inappropriate. In civilian mass casualty events, emergency departments will see large patient numbers, but few require surgery or intensive care. Survivors of small civilian blasts rarely have blast wave injury and should be tre

Fluids, Trauma

This article focuses on the type of fluid available and respective indications in the course of trauma resuscitation according to the situation: haemorrhagic shock, trauma brain injury. In trauma patients, fluid resuscitation aims at preventing a cardiac arrest due to severe hypovolaemia and at achieving a satisfying level of mean arterial pressure to ensure adequate tissue perfusion. Fluid resuscitation i

Point-of-View

IRIDICA, Abbott, Pathogen testing, Infections

Kristoffer Strålin, MD, PhD, is Associate Professor and Senior Consultant at the Department of Infectious Diseases, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden. Karolinska Institute is a world renowned medical university, which has the mission of improving people’s health through research and education. Together with Karolinska University Hospital, it is a leader in healthcare developments and medical breakt

Series

MERS, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus, ICU

The ICU ResponseInfection with the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), a recently identified virus, has led to several hundred cases of severe acute respiratory illness requiring admission to the ICU (Saad et al. 2014; Arabi et al. 2014). As of 4 December 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported 1,621 laboratory-confirmed cases, including at least 584 related deaths (WHO 2015a

Matrix

Delirium, ICU, Acute Brain Dysfunction

Delirium (acute brain dysfunction) can be a complication of critical illness.Brain organ dysfunction can manifest as a continuum of psychomotor behaviors that are categorised as hyperactive or hypoactive.Delirium can be diagnosed using validated and reliable bedside tools.Implementation of delirium monitoring can be enhanced by scheduled in-depth discussions about brain organ dysfunction via multidisciplin

Neuromonitoring, Critical illness,neuromonitoring techniques, critically ill patients

Without Primary Acute Brain Injury This review focuses on the current experience with clinically available neuromonitoring techniques in critically ill patients at risk for neurological compromise, but without overt acute brain injury (ABI). The field of neuromonitoring has grown rapidly over the past 30 years, which has helped improve pathophysiological understanding, clinical care and outcomes for patie

Management

End-of-life Care

Interview with Professor Daren Heyland The Canadian Researchers at the End of Life Network (CARENET), directed by Professor Daren Heyland, brings together health professionals from across Canada. The network aims to understand and improve palliative and end-of-life (EOL) care through improving communication and decision making between patients, their families and health professionals. They have several proj

Knowledge translation, Critical care, Canada

A Quality Improvement Initiative The Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) defines knowledge translation (KT) as:“a dynamic and iterative process that includes the synthesis, dissemination, exchange and ethically-sound application of knowledge to improve the health of Canadians, provide more effective health services and products and strengthen the healthcare system” (CIHR 2015) Approximately

Interview

Critical Care, Haemodynamic monitoring

Michael Pinsky is Professor of Critical Care Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh, with secondary appointments in Cardiovascular Diseases, Clinical & Translational Science, Anesthesiology and Bioengineering. He is presently a Visiting Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, University of California, San Diego, USA. Why is it important to take an applied physiologic approach to understanding bedsid

Country Focus: Egypt

Critical Care, Egypt

The healthcare system in Egypt has come a long way, but still faces many challenges when it comes to improving the health and wellbeing of its people. Egypt has a high rate of population growth, and it is estimated that the population will reach 92 million by 2020. In order to improve the standards of critical care and to ensure physicians have a greater understanding and knowledge of critical care medicine

Agenda

DECEMBER 2-4 German Interdisciplinary Meeting on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine (DVI) Leipzig, Germany divi2015.de/startseite 7-9 Intensive Care Society: State of the Art Meeting 2015 London, UK ics.ac.uk JANUARY 2016 10-15 6th Annual Winter Symposium in Intensive Care, Anaesthesia & Emergency Medicine Vail, Colorado, United States colloquium.com.au 28 Resus



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