Search Tag: Traumatic brain injury

ICU Management

The INCEPT Study: Impact of Post-Traumatic Cerebral Infarction

2020 12 Feb

Post-traumatic cerebral infarction (PTCI) is common after traumatic brain injury (TBI). TBI is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity mostly among young people, but its incidence is also increasing in older people, particularly in high-income countries. The outcome of a TBI depends on several factors, including patient characteristics, disease... Read more

ICU Management

Treatment of High Intracranial Pressure After Traumatic Brain Injury

2020 11 Jan

One of the most frequent causes of death and disability after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is high intracranial pressure (ICP). ICP is generally treated with usual techniques such as normothermia, sedation, etc. and first-line therapeutic strategies such as moderate hypocapnia, mannitol etc. However, in patients where these measures do not work,... Read more

ICU Management

Tranexamic Acid Reduces Head Injury Deaths

2019 19 Oct

According to new research findings, early treatment with tranexamic acid could reduce deaths in traumatic brain injury patients by as much as 20%. The findings are published in The Lancet.  Every year, there are approximately 60 million new cases of TBI worldwide. Bleeding in or around the brain due to tearing of blood vessels is a common complication... Read more

ICU Management

End-Tidal CO2 Levels vs. Arterial CO2 Levels in Children with TBI

2019 23 Aug

For patients with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), the partial pressure of CO 2 , arterial (PaCO 2 ) can be adjusted to help with the regulation of cerebral perfusion. However, this can prove difficult to carry out in children. The non-invasive method of capnography measures end-tidal CO 2 (EtCO 2 ) and is often used for paediatric patients as an alternative... Read more

ICU Management

Hypothermia in neurocritical care patients other than cardiac arrest

2018 16 Mar

Hypothermia (HT) is a cornerstone of neuroprotective strategies and has been used in critical care for acutely brain injured adult patients for many years. This review aims to discuss the clinical evidence supporting the use of HT in neurocritical care patients beyond care after cardiac arrest (CA), such as traumatic brain injury (TBI), acute ischaemic... Read more

ICU Management

Managing ARDS in traumatic brain injury

2018 15 Jan

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients frequently suffer from lung complications and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which is associated with poor clinical outcomes. However, there are inadequate data addressing the safety or efficacy of ventilator strategies used in ARDS in adult patients with TBI, says an article published in Journal of... Read more

ICU Management

Volume 17 - Issue 4, 2017

2017 22 Nov

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ICU Management

Improving quality of care in severe traumatic brain injury patients

2017 22 Nov

Process indicator-based plan-do-act-check cycle in a single-centre quality improvement initiative To assess whether intracranial pressure (ICP) management in severe traumatic brain injury patients is being applied according to our institutional protocol we developed a process indicator aimed at improving quality of care. Background... Read more

ICU Management

Prototype Helmet Device Uses EEG to Detect TBI Early

2016 21 May

A portable system to detect traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been developed in Norway. The helmet-based system can run EEG tests at the scene of an accident or in an ambulance, and has been patented by Smartbrain. Haldor Sjåheim at Smartbrain explained that the EmerEEG system allows fast EEGs to be run. "The diagnostics and outcomes for many patient... Read more