Search Tag: Pneumonia

ICU Management

Diagnostic-stewardship-in-five-common-infectious-syndromes

2022 14 Oct

This article defines diagnostic stewardship and discusses how it can be implemented in intensive care units and how it may improve patient outcomes. Introduction Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an imminent threat to global health and has been accelerated by the inappropriate use of antimicrobials (Llor and Bjerrum 2014). Antimicrobial...Read more

ICU Management

Microbiome-and-pneumonia-in-children

2021 30 Sep

A significant research gap exists in the field of the lung microbiome and pneumonia development in paediatric population. Its study may improve nosocomial pneumonia prevention and help to achieve zero pneumonia rates. M ost frequent hospital acquired infections (HAI) in Paediatric Intensive Care Units (PICU), are ventilator associated...Read more

ICU Management

Study-investigates-accuracy-of-respiration-rate-from-pulse-oximetry-on-pediatrics-using-masimo-rrp-r

2020 06 Jul

Masimo today announced the results of a study published in Pneumonia in which independent researchers in New Delhi, India, investigated the accuracy of Masimo RRp® on pediatric patients with the Rad-G™ Pulse Oximeter by comparing it to clinician-determined values while performing routine assessment of children admitted to outpatient and emergency...Read more

ICU Management

Can-the-ultrasound-probe-replace-the-stethoscope

2020 27 Jan

Auscultation is used in most routine examinations of critically ill patients and is considered to be one of the essential components of the clinical examination. Two of the most frequent pathologies encountered in critically ill patients are pulmonary oedema and pneumonia. Both of these conditions often coexist.  In recent years, many clinicians...Read more

ICU Management

Understanding-the-influenza-virus

2019 25 Jul

Diagnosis of the Influenza virus remains a challenge in the ICU. It is vital that knowledge of its pathophysiology and epidemiology is known so clinicians can make informed decisions regarding their patients’ health.   The Influenza virus is found most commonly to replicate in the respiratory tract in humans. This is mainly due to the haemagglutinin...Read more

ICU Management

Humidification-during-mechanical-ventilation-a-systematic-review

2017 07 Jun

Mechanical ventilation (MV) suppresses the mechanisms that heat and moisturise inhaled air; hence, humidification is mandatory during MV. However, a systematic review published in the journal Critical Care finds no clear advantages in terms of clinical outcomes for different humidification devices. Gas delivered during mechanical ventilation must...Read more

ICU Management

Masimo-introduces-rad-g-pulse-oximeter

2017 10 May

Masimo  has announced the introduction of Rad-G™, a combined pulse oximeter designed primarily for use in pneumonia screening and spot-checking of oxygen saturation (SpO2) in low-resource settings. The development of the device is supported in part by a grant of $4.95 million from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), announced in November 2016,...Read more

ICU Management

1-in-7-sepsis-patients-readmitted-within-30-days

2017 22 Jan

Readmissions due to sepsis are higher and costlier than for the four conditions already reported in the U.S. to measure quality of care and guide pay for performance, according to researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System. Their research is published in JAMA to coincide with the presentation...Read more

ICU Management

Copper-can-prevent-respiratory-virus-spread

2015 14 Nov

Copper can effectively help to prevent the spread of respiratory viruses, which are linked to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), according to researchers from the University of Southampton in the UK. Their study shows that while human coronavirus 229E — closely related to animal coronaviruses that "host...Read more

ICU Management

Study-admitting-borderline-pneumonia-patients-is-beneficial

2015 22 Sep

Intensive care unit (ICU) admission for older, low-risk patients with pneumonia was linked with improved survival and no significant differences in hospital costs, according to a study published in the latest issue of JAMA . The findings "suggest that ICU admission for borderline patients (those for whom ICU admission depends on the hospital to which...Read more

ICU Management

New-breath-test-for-pneumonia

2015 27 Jun

A new UK study published in the journal Thorax has identified an important new approach to diagnose infections in critically ill patients rapidly and accurately. The new method involves chemical analysis of breath specimens from patients in intensive care to detect bacterial infection in the lower respiratory tract of ventilated patients at risk of...Read more

ICU Management

Readmissions-in-severe-sepsis-common

2015 20 May

Severe sepsis is a significant cause of rehospitalisation along the lines of nationally recognised outcome measures and more commonly discussed conditions such as pneumonia and heart failure (HF), according to a new study presented at the 2015 American Thoracic Society International Conference. “Severe sepsis continues to be a common cause of hospitalisation...Read more

ICU Management

Miacom-diagnostics-new-ivd-tools-for-direct-testing-of-respiratory-samples

2015 24 Apr

miacom diagnostics specialises in the development and commercialisation of diagnostics tools for identification and differentiation of bacteria in acute infectious diseases. The company was founded in Duesseldorf, Germany in 2006 with the vision to develop faster and better diagnostic methods than the ones currently available on the market. “One of...Read more

ICU Management

Personalised-treatment-for-cancer-patients-with-pneumonia

2015 14 Apr

A study by researchers from D'Or Institute for Research and Education (IDOR) in Brazil has analysed the factors associated with severe pneumonia in hospitalised cancer patients and suggests that more personalised treatment protocols can reduce mortality in these patients. The findings are published online in PLoS ONE . It is widely believed that the...Read more

ICU Management

Treating-pneumonia-with-antibiotics

2015 03 Apr

According to the results of a new study published in the New England Journal of Medicine and carried out by researchers at the University Medical Center Utrecht (UMCU), patients with pneumonia can be treated with most common antibiotics which are as effective as the more expensive alternatives. Despite the fact that there are various types of antibiotics...Read more

ICU Management

New-decision-support-tool-improves-pneumonia-care

2015 13 Mar

According to a new study conducted by researchers at Intermountain Medical Center, using advanced clinical decision support tools can reduce mortality for patients who are treated for pneumonia. The findings have been published in Annals of Emergency Medicine . Approximately 1.1 million patients in the US are treated for pneumonia each year. More...Read more

ICU Management

Corticosteroids-for-severe-community-acquired-pneumonia

2015 17 Feb

A new study published in JAMA shows that the use of the corticosteroid methylprednisolone compared with placebo reduced treatment failure for patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia and high initial inflammatory response. "If replicated, these findings would support the use of corticosteroids as adjunctive treatment in this clinical population,”...Read more

ICU Management

Who-critical-care-training-for-tajik-clinicians

2015 30 Jan

World Health Organization (WHO) influenza experts have recently conducted a clinical workshop for front-line clinicians working in intensive care units (ICUs) across Tajikistan. As the health professionals primarily responsible for the management of severe cases of influenza infection, these clinicians are likely to be the first to detect severe cases...Read more

ICU Management

Septic-shock-readmission-rates-above-average

2014 06 Nov

Most patients now survive a hospital stay for septic shock, although 23 percent of these patients will return to the hospital within 30 days, according to a new study. The number is noticeably higher than the normal readmission rate at a large academic medical centre, researchers reported. The study findings have been published in Critical Care Medicine...Read more

ICU Management

Breath-test-for-diagnosing-fungal-pneumonia

2014 24 Oct

Pneumonia is caused by many different microbes, and early identification of the bug culprit is important to ensure timely and appropriate treatment. A novel approach — analysing a patient's breath for key chemical compounds made by the infecting microbe — may help detect invasive aspergillosis, a fungal infection that is a leading cause of mortality...Read more

ICU Management

Study-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-overdiagnosed-and-overmedicated

2014 21 Feb

In a recent study published in the March edition of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, a team of researchers share their findings on the diagnosis and treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). With the aims of quantifying and characterising unjustified antimicrobial use for VAP as well as identifying risk factors associated...Read more

ICU Management

New-antibiotic-shows-promise-for-treating-mrsa-pneumonia

2013 18 Sep

A drug approved just two years ago for treating bacterial infections may hold promise for treating the potentially fatal MRSA pneumonia, according to a Henry Ford Hospital study. Researchers found that patients treated with the antibiotic ceftaroline fosamil, or CPT-F, had a lower mortality rate after 28 days than the mortality rate seen in patients...Read more