Search Tag: Pneumonia

ICU Management

Understanding the Influenza Virus

2019 25 Jul

Diagnosis of the Influenza virus remains a challenge in the ICU. It is vital that knowledge of its pathophysiology and epidemiology is known so clinicians can make informed decisions regarding their patients’ health.   The Influenza virus is found most commonly to replicate in the respiratory tract in humans. This is mainly due to the haemagglutinin... Read more

Executive Health Management

2019 11 Jun

Unmonitored opioid deaths at home after surgery. Primum Non Nocere. First, do no harm. These wise words form the basis of the oath sworn to our patients. With the vast array of treatment models, administration, and decisions in medicine today, this oath is more poignant than ever. Medical Errors are the third leading cause... Read more

IMAGING Management

Improving pneumonia diagnosis in Ugandan children

2018 09 Jul

Pneumonia is a major cause of childhood mortality and morbidity globally – particularly in resource-poor environments – and diagnosis of pneumonia can be complex. The current gold standard diagnostic technique is a chest X-ray, looking for the presence or absence of areas of consolidation on the lungs. However, this obviously exposes the patient to... Read more

ICU Management

Humidification During Mechanical Ventilation: A Systematic Review

2017 07 Jun

Mechanical ventilation (MV) suppresses the mechanisms that heat and moisturise inhaled air; hence, humidification is mandatory during MV. However, a systematic review published in the journal Critical Care finds no clear advantages in terms of clinical outcomes for different humidification devices. Gas delivered during mechanical ventilation must... Read more

ICU Management

Masimo Introduces Rad-G™ Pulse Oximeter

2017 10 May

Masimo  has announced the introduction of Rad-G™, a combined pulse oximeter designed primarily for use in pneumonia screening and spot-checking of oxygen saturation (SpO2) in low-resource settings. The development of the device is supported in part by a grant of $4.95 million from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), announced in November 2016,... Read more

ICU Management

1 in 7 Sepsis Patients Readmitted within 30 Days

2017 22 Jan

Readmissions due to sepsis are higher and costlier than for the four conditions already reported in the U.S. to measure quality of care and guide pay for performance, according to researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System. Their research is published in JAMA to coincide with the presentation... Read more

Cardiology Management

Using Data to Minimise Pneumonia Risk After Cardiac Surgery

2016 26 Jul

An article published in the Annals of Thoracic Surgery identifies a list of 17 patient characteristics that include age, race, smoking habits, and white blood cell count among others, that are associated with developing pneumonia after cardiac surgery. Pneumonia is the most prevalent infection after such a surgery and often leads to longer hospital... Read more

IMAGING Management

Lung Ultrasound Safer Than Chest X-ray For Pneumonia in Children

2016 14 Apr

Lung ultrasound is portable, less costly and safer than chest X-rays when diagnosing pneumonia in children, according to a study conducted at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, results of which were published in the medical journal Chest . Pneumonia is the leading cause of death in children worldwide, according to the World Health Organisation... Read more

ICU Management

Copper Can Prevent Respiratory Virus Spread

2015 14 Nov

Copper can effectively help to prevent the spread of respiratory viruses, which are linked to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), according to researchers from the University of Southampton in the UK. Their study shows that while human coronavirus 229E — closely related to animal coronaviruses that "host... Read more