Search Tag: Infections

ICU Management

C. diff Infection Risk Linked with Sharps Containers

2015 04 Aug

According to a new study, hospitals using single-use sharps containers had significantly lower rates of Clostridium difficile (C. diff) infection compared to hospitals using reusable containers. The finding is reported in American Journal of Infection Control . “This is the first study to show a link between use of single-use sharps containers and... Read more

ICU Management

New Breath Test for Pneumonia

2015 27 Jun

A new UK study published in the journal Thorax has identified an important new approach to diagnose infections in critically ill patients rapidly and accurately. The new method involves chemical analysis of breath specimens from patients in intensive care to detect bacterial infection in the lower respiratory tract of ventilated patients at risk of... Read more

ICU Management

New Ways to Stop Spread of Staph and MRSA

2015 09 Jun

A new study suggests that a person's environment is more important than their genes in determining the bacteria that inhabit their noses. Interestingly, the study also suggests that some common nasal bacteria may prevent the spread of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria (or Staph), which can cause infections. The study, published in the AAAS journal Science... Read more

Executive Health Management

Bundled Intervention Reduces Surgical Site Infections

2015 03 Jun

A multicentre study published in JAMA shows that implementation of a multifaceted intervention can be effective in reducing surgical site infections (SSIs) caused by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria.   Twenty hospitals in nine U.S. states participated in this study. Loreen A. Herwaldt, MD, of the University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa... Read more

ICU Management

Global Study: 65% of AKI Cases Are Community Acquired

2015 16 Mar

The International Society of Nephrology (ISN) has presented the findings of a new global study on acute kidney injury (AKI), seen by experts as a key step forward in their efforts to eliminate preventable deaths from the condition by 2025 ('0by25 Initiative'), at its annual meeting held in Cape Town, South Africa. AKI is a worldwide problem, killing... Read more

ICU Management

Cost of Nosocomial Infections in the ICU

2015 13 Feb

Infections due to multidrug resistant gram negative bacilli (RGNB) in critically ill patients have been reported to be associated with increased morbidity and healthcare costs. A recent study conducted by researchers in Singapore has highlighted the heavy economic burden of RGNB infections to both the patient and hospital. "Nosocomial acquired RGNB... Read more

ICU Management

Biomarker Predicts Burn Patients' Risk of Infection

2015 11 Feb

A Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH)-led study has shown that a set of characteristics, including differences in gene expression, may indicate which patients recovering from severe burns are at greatest risk for repeat infections. The finding is published online in Annals of Surgery . "Our approach is the first to enable the prediction of repeat... Read more

ICU Management

Arterial Catheter Use in ICU Does Not Improve Mortality

2015 05 Feb

A retrospective cohort study has shown that the use of arterial catheters (ACs) is not associated with improvements in hospital mortality in intensive care unit ICU patients requiring mechanical ventilation. The finding is published online in JAMA . ACs are used in 40 percent of ICU patients, mostly to facilitate diagnostic phlebotomy, collect arterial... Read more

ICU Management

Findings Do Not Support Chlorhexidine Bathing in ICUs

2015 21 Jan

A Vanderbilt University study, which appears in JAMA , shows that once daily chlorhexidine bathing of critically ill patients did not reduce the incidence of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). Chlorhexidine is a broad-spectrum topical antimicrobial agent that, when used to bathe the skin, may decrease the bacterial burden, thereby reducing infections.... Read more

IMAGING Management

Live Coverage of the Immune System at Work via PET Imaging

2015 20 Jan

Researchers at Tübingen University have developed a new technique to safely mark T-cells for non-invasive in vivo imaging to better understand what happens during immune reactions in the body. This technique enabled the investigators to track the T-cell movement in mice using positron emission technology (PET). Previous methods used to follow the movement... Read more