Search Tag: Brain

IMAGING Management

Brain Imaging Boosts Efforts to Lower Alzheimer's Risk

2015 08 Jun

A report published in American Journal of Neuroradiology (AJNR) discusses how cognitive decline can be identified early and prevented by applying quantitative brain imaging techniques. Amidst growing evidence that neurodegenerative diseases alter brain structures, use of quantitative brain imaging is gaining popularity among clinicians as this helps... Read more

ICU Management

Sleep Loss Hinders Decision-Making in High-Risk Situations

2015 12 May

Results of a new study, reported in the journal Sleep , provide a new understanding of how sleep deprivation can lead doctors, first responders, military personnel and others in a crisis situation to make catastrophic decisions. For the first time, researchers at Washington State University created a laboratory experiment that simulates how sleep... Read more

ICU Management

Optical Imaging: Advancing Standard of Care in Paediatric ICU

2015 05 Feb

Researchers at the Massachusetts General Hospital have launched an investigation of the effects of general anaesthesia on infants’ brains that could help to improve clinical outcomes. Based on previous studies, infants exposed to general anaesthesia in early life have significantly increased risk of developmental delays. Despite known risks, "brain... Read more

IMAGING Management

New MRI Diagnostic Test for Autism Spectrum Disorder

2015 17 Jan

A new brain imaging technique developed by scientists at Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute may be able to identify children with autism spectrum disorder in just two minutes. This technique offers promising diagnostic potential once it undergoes more research and evaluation. Usually, diagnosis — an unquantifiable process based on clinical judgment... Read more

IMAGING Management

New Method Enlarges Tissue Samples, Enabling High-Res Imaging

2015 17 Jan

MIT researchers have developed a new technique that allows biological specimens to be physically magnified and then imaged at high resolution without needing to use very powerful — and often expensive — microscopes. This new method enlarges tissue samples by embedding them in an expandable polymer gel made of polyacrylate. The expansion microscopy... Read more

IMAGING Management

Bipolar Disorder: New MRI Method Provides New Insights

2015 08 Jan

A new type of MRI imaging has enabled University of Iowa researchers to discover previously unrecognised differences in the brains of patients with bipolar disorder. In particular, the researchers found differences in the white matter of patients' brains and in the cerebellum, an area of the brain not previously linked with the disorder. Using an... Read more

ICU Management

Peptides: New Promise for Spinal Cord Injury?

2014 08 Dec

A new chemical compound developed by a team of international scientists shows much potential in restoring function lost to spinal cord injury. The compound, which the team dubbed intracellular sigma peptide (ISP), allowed paralysed muscles to activate in more than 80 percent of the animals tested. The findings are published in the journal Nature .... Read more

IMAGING Management

Brain Centre Upgrades MR System to Benefit Research

2014 14 Nov

Aston Brain Centre improves spine image quality and consolidates musculoskeletal leadership with enhanced MR system   Aston Brain Centre at Aston University in Birmingham has upgraded its MAGNETOM® Trio MR system from Siemens Healthcare to the advanced capabilities of the MAGNETOM Trio Tim 3T in order to offer improved image quality for the benefit... Read more

Health Management

Big Data and The Brain

2014 08 Nov

Key Points • The brain itself is “big data”: coordinated systems, which continually process and produce voluminous information. • Alzheimer’s Disease and other forms of dementia disrupt neural systems with devastating consequences. Fortunately, big data can offer preventive, diagnostic and therapeutic healthcare solutions. • A number of projects... Read more

IT Management

Robot Performs Epilepsy Surgery Through the Cheek

2014 20 Oct

A robotic device that can be used to perform minimally invasive epilepsy surgery has been developed by a team of engineers from Vanderbilt University (Nashville, TN, USA). A working prototype was unveiled in a live demonstration at the Fluid Power Innovation and Research Conference 2014 (FPIRC14) held in Nashville between 13 and 16 October. For severe... Read more