Search Tag: ARDS

ICU Management

Chronic high alcohol consumption increases ARDS risk

2018 18 Jul

A new systematic review and meta-analysis shows that chronic high alcohol consumption significantly increases the risk of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). This finding suggests that patients admitted to hospital should be screened for chronic alcohol use, according to researchers at the University of Nottingham's UK Centre for Tobacco... Read more

ICU Management

Early intravascular events may contribute to ARDS development

2018 27 Jun

A new analysis shows that biomarkers of intravascular monocyte activation in at-risk patients were associated with the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Further, the potential clinical benefit of early aspirin for prevention of ARDS remains uncertain, according to the findings reported in the American Journal of Respiratory... Read more

ICU Management

Study: Air pollution associated with ARDS hospitalisation in over 65s

2018 01 Jun

A comparison of hospital admissions of patients over 65 and air pollution in the USA has found an association between exposure to pollutants and admission for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The study was presented at the annual meeting of the American Thoracic Society.   The researchers analysed data by zip code from nearly 30 million... Read more

ICU Management

ARDS reclassification - the debate continues

2018 15 May

A new analysis of data from patients enrolled in high-quality ARDSnet trials showed no difference between patients with moderate-severe and mild-moderate ARDS in terms of mortality, even though there were differences in rapid resolution of ARDS, ventilator-free days and ICU-free days. The research is published online in Annals of the American Thoracic... Read more

ICU Management

Volume 18 - Issue 1, 2018

2018 16 Mar

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ICU Management

CO2 in the critically ill

2018 16 Mar

CO 2 exerts potent effects on lung biology that could be clinically relevant in critically ill patients, in particular those with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The impact of hypercapnia on outcome in these patients is yet to be determined. The physiological effects of hypercapnia are increasingly well understood, but the literature... Read more

ICU Management

ARDS, delirium and antipsychotic use reviewed

2018 21 Feb

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) often requires prolonged and complicated hospital courses putting patients at risk for intensive care unit (ICU) delirium. Antipsychotics are prescribed to decrease the severity and duration of ICU delirium; however, these drugs are associated with many adverse effects including respiratory failure. "Given... Read more

ICU Management

Managing ARDS in traumatic brain injury

2018 15 Jan

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients frequently suffer from lung complications and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which is associated with poor clinical outcomes. However, there are inadequate data addressing the safety or efficacy of ventilator strategies used in ARDS in adult patients with TBI, says an article published in Journal of... Read more

ICU Management

Making mechanical ventilation safe for ARDS

2018 08 Jan

The acute respiratory distress (ARDS) lung is usually characterised by a high degree of inhomogeneity. Indeed, the same lung may show a wide spectrum of aeration alterations, ranging from completely gasless regions, up to hyperinflated areas, explain Luciano Gattinoni, Tommaso Tonetti and Michael Quintel in an article published in the journal Critical... Read more

ICU Management

Can we improve the reliability of ARDS diagnosis?

2018 08 Jan

Failure to reliably diagnose ARDS, or acute respiratory distress syndrome, could lead to underrecognition and undertreatment in clinical practice. New research shows the reliability of the Berlin ARDS definition is "moderate," driven primarily by differences in chest imaging interpretation. The study is in press in the journal CHEST. The 2012 revision... Read more