Search Tag: mortality

ICU Management

Prognostic Scores and Risk-Adjusted Mortality: What You Should Know

2016 25 Oct

Mark T. Keegan and Marcio Soares outline “What every intensivist should know about prognostic scoring systems and risk-adjusted mortality” in a recent article in Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva. Scoring systems used in the ICU can be generic or disease-specific, with  many uses. The two categories are organ failure scores and the severity-of-illness... Read more

ICU Management

Conservative Oxygen Therapy, Lower Mortality, but Larger Trials Needed

2016 05 Oct

A conservative protocol for oxygen therapy for intensive care patients led to lower ICU mortality, in a randomised controlled trial that was terminated early after difficulties in enrolment.The Normal Oxygenation Versus Hyperoxia in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) (OXYGEN-ICU)  trial  was conducted in one centre in Italy between March 2010 and October... Read more

ICU Management

Study: Ward Nurses Key to Reduced Sepsis Deaths

2016 06 Sep

Simple measures introduced at ward level reduced deaths from sepsis by nearly half, in a study at Levanger Hospital in Nord-Trøndelag, Norway.The research project was carried out by Nord University, Levanger Hospital, the Mid-Norway Centre for Sepsis Research at NTNU and St. Olavs Hospital in Trondheim, Norway, and is published in Critical Care.Erik... Read more

ICU Management

High ICU Usage Increases Invasive Procedures, Costs

2016 09 Aug

Researchers at LA BioMed and UCLA examined ICU usage and found that patients admitted in ICUs underwrent more costly and invasive procedures but did not have better mortality rates as compared to patients who were hospitalised with the same medical conditions but were not admitted to the ICU. The study is published in JAMA Internal Medicine. During... Read more

ICU Management

Sepsis Tests Compared: More Trials Needed

2016 06 Aug

A systematic review and economic evaluation of rapid tests to identify bacteria and fungi in the bloodstream has determined that no definite conclusions can be made on their clinical effectiveness or cost-effectiveness. The study, from by the UK National Institute for Health Research, evaluated research on SeptiFast, SepsisTest and IRIDICA. 66 studies... Read more

Cardiology Management

Coordinated Response Saves Lives

2016 02 Aug

According to a new study published in the American Heart Association's journal Circulation, a coordinated response from emergency medical services (EMS) and hospital providers can provide life-saving treatment sooner to people suffering deadly heart attacks. ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is considered to be the most deadly type... Read more

Cardiology Management

Higher BMI Does Not Increase Risk of Heart Attack or Death

2016 02 Aug

According to a study published in JAMA Internal Medicine, twin siblings with a higher BMI do not have an increased risk of heart attack or mortality. However, a higher BMI is associated with an increase in risk of type 2 diabetes. Peter Nordström, researcher at the Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation at Umeå University explains that... Read more

Cardiology Management

Rate of Decline of Cardiovascular Deaths Slows in US

2016 29 Jun

In a study published online by JAMA Cardiology, Stephen Sidney, M.D., M.P.H., of Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, and colleagues examined recent national trends in death rates due to all cardiovascular disease (CVD), heart disease (HD), stroke, and cancer, and also evaluated the gap between mortality rates from HD and cancer. With the... Read more

ICU Management

New ICU Mortality Prediction Model for Low-Income Countries

2016 22 Jun

A model to predict ICU mortality has been designed for use in low-income countries. The development team say that its use of a few easily collected variables  make it suitable for use in sites that care for critically ill patients in low-income countries. This is the first time since 1989 that a model has been developed or validated in a low-income... Read more

Cardiology Management

Male General Practitioners Consider Heart Disease a 'Man's Issue'

2016 21 Jun

According to a study of 52 general practitioners (GPs) and more than 2200 patients, male GPs are more likely to consider heart disease a "man's issue" and neglect to assess cardiovascular risk in female patients. The study is published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.Lead author Dr Raphaëlle Delpech, a general practitioner at Paris... Read more

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