Search Tag: mortality

Cardiology Management

Mortality Following Bypass Surgery Increases After 8-10 years

2017 13 Jun

Findings from a new register study from the Department of Clinical Epidemiology at Aarhus University, Denmark show that mortality following bypass surgery increases after 8-10 years. Prognosis following heart bypass surgery is generally good and has shown improvement over the last three decades. However, this new study shows that mortality increases... Read more

ICU Management

Urine Output Monitoring and Early AKI Detection

2017 29 May

Urine output (UO) is a vital sign for critically ill patients but standards for monitoring and reporting vary widely between ICUs. New research indicates that intensive monitoring of UO was associated with increased detection of moderate to severe acute kidney injury (AKI), reduced incidence of fluid overload and is independently associated with reduced... Read more

ICU Management

Levosimendan for Haemodynamic Support after Cardiac Surgery

2017 21 Mar

In patients who required perioperative hemodynamic support after cardiac surgery, low-dose levosimendan in addition to standard care did not result in lower 30-day mortality than placebo, according to a multicentre study published in The New England Journal of Medicine.See Also: Categorisation of Survival and Death after Cardiac ArrestEvery year, more... Read more

ICU Management

Predicting Critical Illness Mortality and Personalising Care

2017 07 Feb

Predicting mortality has always been a corner piece of critical care research and practice, and novel early outcome predictors are needed to guide patient/family expectations and decision-making, according to an Editorial article published in the journal Critical Care. The article discusses how muscle quality and quantity measurement could provide an... Read more

ICU Management

ICP Monitoring Lowers Mortality in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury

2017 03 Jan

Results of a meta-analysis published in PLoS ONE indicate that intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring decreased the mortality rate of patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Specifically, the mortality of ICP monitored group (hospitalised after 2007) was improved, as well as two-week and six-month mortality rates, according to researchers.Previous... Read more

ICU Management

CICU: Cardiac Intensivist-directed Care Linked to Lower Mortality

2016 20 Dec

In the CICU setting, the presence of a dedicated cardiac intensivist has been shown to reduce mortality rates in patients with cardiovascular disease who require critical care. The findings are from a study by South Korean researchers and published in Journal of the American College of Cardiology.See Also: Challenges of Critical Care Cardiology AddressedDedicated... Read more

ICU Management

Prognostic Scores and Risk-Adjusted Mortality: What You Should Know

2016 25 Oct

Mark T. Keegan and Marcio Soares outline “What every intensivist should know about prognostic scoring systems and risk-adjusted mortality” in a recent article in Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva. Scoring systems used in the ICU can be generic or disease-specific, with  many uses. The two categories are organ failure scores and the severity-of-illness... Read more

ICU Management

Conservative Oxygen Therapy, Lower Mortality, but Larger Trials Needed

2016 05 Oct

A conservative protocol for oxygen therapy for intensive care patients led to lower ICU mortality, in a randomised controlled trial that was terminated early after difficulties in enrolment.The Normal Oxygenation Versus Hyperoxia in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) (OXYGEN-ICU)  trial  was conducted in one centre in Italy between March 2010 and October... Read more

ICU Management

Study: Ward Nurses Key to Reduced Sepsis Deaths

2016 06 Sep

Simple measures introduced at ward level reduced deaths from sepsis by nearly half, in a study at Levanger Hospital in Nord-Trøndelag, Norway.The research project was carried out by Nord University, Levanger Hospital, the Mid-Norway Centre for Sepsis Research at NTNU and St. Olavs Hospital in Trondheim, Norway, and is published in Critical Care.Erik... Read more

ICU Management

High ICU Usage Increases Invasive Procedures, Costs

2016 09 Aug

Researchers at LA BioMed and UCLA examined ICU usage and found that patients admitted in ICUs underwrent more costly and invasive procedures but did not have better mortality rates as compared to patients who were hospitalised with the same medical conditions but were not admitted to the ICU. The study is published in JAMA Internal Medicine. During... Read more