Search Tag: mechanical ventilation

Sex Differences in Treatment of ICU Patients

2022 24 May

Sex imbalance in the ICU has been consistently reported. Worldwide, fewer women are admitted to the ICU than men. Several studies have reported systematic differences in the treatment men and women receive in ICUs. Studies from Europe, North America, and Asia all show women are less likely to receive invasive mechanical ventilation than men. Studies... Read more

VA-LRTI Infections in COVID-19

2022 19 Apr

COVID-19 continues to create a strain on healthcare systems around the world. Approximately 10-30% of COVID-19 patients admitted to the hospital need ICUs, and 15-20% of these patients require ventilatory support. The available data shows an increased risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and ventilator-associated lower respiratory tract infections... Read more

Findings from the COVID-VENT Trial

2022 08 Mar

Many patients with COVID-19-associated acute respiratory failure fulfil the criteria of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and require invasive mechanical ventilation. Therefore, it is important to understand the features of gas exchange abnormalities, respiratory mechanics and lung recruitability in these patients to provide an appropriate... Read more

Volume 22 - Issue 1, 2022

2022 17 Feb

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Post-hoc Analysis of the NONSEDA Trial

2022 25 Jan

In recent years, there has been an increase in awareness of minimising sedation in the ICU. Several benefits of avoiding heavy sedation have been reported in clinical studies, and clinical guidelines also encourage less sedation.   Findings from the NONSEDA trial were published in 2020. In this trial, 700 critically ill patients were randomised to... Read more

Indirect Calorimetry in Mechanically Ventilated Patients to Assess Nutritional Targets

2021 23 Nov

An overview of the physiological aspects of indirect calorimetry, its limitations in use, the available literature and future prospects for tailored nutrition. Introduction Medical nutrition therapy (MNT) is an essential part of patient care in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting. Similar to mechanical ventilation and haemodynamic... Read more

RAPID Trial: Therapeutic Heparin vs Prophylactic Heparin in COVID-19 Patients

2021 19 Oct

A study was conducted to evaluate the effects of therapeutic heparin compared with prophylactic heparin among moderately ill patients with COVID-19 admitted to the hospital.   Heparin has anticoagulant properties, anti-inflammatory effects and potential antiviral effects and may also improve endothelial function. Early initiation of therapeutic heparin... Read more

Survival of Mechanically Ventilated COVID-19 Patients

2021 12 Oct

Approximately 14 to 17% of COVID-19 patients admitted to the hospital require transfer to the ICU. However, there is insufficient evidence regarding the long-term survival and predictive factors for mortality in patients with acute hypoxaemic respiratory failure due to COVID-19 and undergoing invasive mechanical ventilation.   A study was conducted... Read more

Mitigating the Risk of Harm During the Transition From Controlled to Assisted Mechanical Ventilation

2021 30 Sep

Monitoring the strength of the patient´s breathing effort, titrating the sedation, and selecting the correct mode of ventilation is vital when transitioning from controlled to assisted ventilation. Assessing The Transition From Fully Controlled to Assisted Ventilation One of the key issues with mechanical ventilation is the transition... Read more

Outcomes of Mechanically Ventilated COVID-19 Patients

2021 17 Aug

Millions of people worldwide have been infected with COVID-19, with many requiring hospitalisation. Approximately 30% of hospitalisaed patients with COVID-19 are started on invasive ventilation for several pneumonia. Invasive ventilation portend a poor prognosis as approximately 40% of these patients do not survive hospitalisation. Even those who survive... Read more