Search Tag: VAP

ICU Management

Long vs Short Duration Antibiotic Therapy for VAP

2022 24 May

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the ICU. It accounts for nearly 25% of infections in ICU patients. While there are guidelines to treat VAP, uncertainties remain when treating VAP due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA-VAP), and the optimal duration of antibiotic therapy continues to be debated. In addition,... Read more

ICU Management

Gram Stain-Guided Antibiotic Therapy in Patients With VAP

2022 19 Apr

The increase of multidrug-resistant (MDR) organisms in ICUs is a well-recognised threat. Due to a lack of development of new pharmaceutical agents, there are now only a few antibiotics that are effective against these organisms. The World Health Organization (WHO) has also highlighted the need to develop a global action plan to address antimicrobial... Read more

ICU Management

Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in COVID-19 Patients

2021 20 Jan

The coronavirus has a high incidence of patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Many patients infected with COVID-19 need to be admitted to the ICU for invasive ventilation. They are also at a high risk of developing secondary, ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). This is because of breach of natural defences by invasive devices,... Read more

ICU Management

Treating Complications from Abdominal Surgery

2016 30 May

Case Report Using Nonbronchoscopic BAL Use of the HALYARD* Mini-BAL Sampling Catheter proved invaluable in the case of a patient experiencing complications from abdominal surgery. Dr. Roberto Oggioni has been director of the Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care at S. Giovanni di Dio Hospital since 2012, and wrote up the case with colleague... Read more

ICU Management

Closer Collaboration Between Nurses and Physicians May Minimise VAP Risk

2016 17 May

Greater collaboration between ICU nursing and medicine could help to minimise ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), according to a study that will be presented at the American Thoracic Society (ATS) 2016 International Conference in San Francisco on 17 May. Previous research has shown that a better nurse work environment and a closed ICU doctor staffing... Read more

ICU Management

VAP: Old Definitions like Old Wine May Be Best?

2016 08 Mar

A single centre retrospective study that evaluated the accuracy in high-risk trauma patients of the infection-related ventilator-associated complications (IVAC) algorithm for detecting ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) found that it failed to detect nearly three-quarters of patients with VAP. The study is published in Respiratory Care . Following... Read more

ICU Management

Can Bathing with Chlorhexidine Reduce VAP?

2015 25 May

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most important nosocomial infection in intensive care units (ICUs). Measures have been taken to prevent morbidity of VAP, such as semi-recumbent body position, hand hygiene, and daily bathing with chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG). However, results of previous studies on the effectiveness of daily chlorhexidine... Read more

ICU Management

Kimberly-Clark Introduces New Subglottic Suction Endotracheal Tube

2014 23 Apr

Kimberly-Clark has launched its new KimVent MICROCUFF Subglottic Suctioning Endotracheal Tube (ETT) specifically designed to prevent microaspiration and provide more effective protection against cross-contamination for both patients and healthcare professionals.  The MICROCUFF Subglottic ETT offers more effective subglottic suctioning through... Read more

ICU Management

Oral Hygiene Paramount in Fight Against VAP

2014 24 Feb

Oral hygiene has become a standard procedure in the fight against ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) in today’s hospitals. Intersurgical is introducing an extended range of oral care products to meet the increasing diversified needs of the practitioners.  OroCare Aspire is a new toothbrush with suction-only properties. This brush closes the... Read more

ICU Management

Study: Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Overdiagnosed and Overmedicated

2014 21 Feb

In a recent study published in the March edition of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, a team of researchers share their findings on the diagnosis and treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). With the aims of quantifying and characterising unjustified antimicrobial use for VAP as well as identifying risk factors associated... Read more