Search Tag: Liver

ICU Management

Management of bleeding in visceral surgery and liver transplantation

2018 01 Jun

The implementation of patient blood management programmes led to reduced blood product usage. However, haemorrhage secondary to major surgery remains a major cause of potentially preventable death. Considering the heterogeneity of procedures and technical approaches, it is not surprising that the bleeding risk stratification for visceral surgery... Read more

ICU Management

Volume 16 - Issue 3, 2016

2016 27 Sep

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ICU Management

Evolving Concepts in Acute-on-Chronic Liver Failure

2016 27 Sep

Most patients with liver cirrhosis ‏remain in a compensated stage for ‏more than 10 years, regardless of ‏the aetiology of the liver disease. The progression ‏to decompensated cirrhosis is defined by ‏the occurrence of a major complication such ‏as ascites, variceal bleeding and/or hepatic ‏encephalopathy. From here on most patients ‏will not die because... Read more

ICU Management

Acute-on-Chronic Liver Failure: Biomarker Can Predict Mortality

2016 04 Apr

Researchers from Aarhus University Hospital and Aarhus University in Denmark have found that the biomarker CD163 can predict mortality in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). The study is published in the Journal of Hepatology . Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a syndrome found in liver cirrhosis patients, when liver... Read more

IMAGING Management

‘Salt’ MRI May Show Greater Detail in Kidney Scans

2016 21 Mar

MRI experts at the University of Nottingham have won a £1 million grant to conduct research using the body’s natural sodium (salt) content that could lead to greater detail in kidney scans. The research, that will provide a more detailed picture of tissue health and disease, is to be pioneered by the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) team at... Read more

ICU Management

Probiotics Prevent Brain Complications of Cirrhosis

2014 09 Jun

Hepatic encephalopathy is a serious complication of advanced liver disease. As many as 45 percent of cirrhosis patients will experience a deterioration of brain function, since the damaged liver is unable to remove toxins from the blood. A study recently published in the journal Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology reports that probiotics can... Read more

ICU Management

New Proposal for Improved Allocation of Liver Transplant Donations

2014 29 Jan

Based on the experience of close to 1,500 transplant donations registered in units in Spain and the United Kingdom, researchers at Spain’s University of Cordoba have developed a mathematical system capable of measuring compatibility between donors and the most serious receivers in liver transplants. Spain is considered the global transplant... Read more

IMAGING Management

New Aixplorer Ultrasound System Allows For Non-Invasive Liver Fibrosis Measurement

2013 04 Nov

Liver stiffness (kPa) diagnostics now possible with accurate, non-invasive innovative measurement tool, potentially changing medical procedures for millions of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients.  SuperSonic Imagine, the pioneering medical imaging corporation that developed ShearWave Elastography, has successfully... Read more

ICU Management

Splitting Donated Livers Shown to be Safe, Allowing Doctors to Save Two Lives from Single Organ

2013 18 Jul

Donor organ allocation policy could be changed to nearly eliminate waitlist mortality for children —without additional risk to adult recipients. Split liver transplantation carries no increased risk of failure in either recipient, allowing surgeons to safely save two lives from a single donated organ (graft), according to new research from Boston... Read more

ICU Management

Partial Livers from Deceased Donors Saving the Lives of Infants

2013 12 Jun

New research reveals that transplantation of partial livers from deceased adult and teen donors has become less risky for infants and young children, helping to save these young lives. Findings published online in Liver Transplantation , a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation... Read more