Search Tag: acute respiratory distress syndrome

ICU Management

Effect of Prone Position C-ARDS

2022 27 Apr

COVID-19 has resulted in the death of over 4 million people worldwide. In severe cases of COVID-19, acute respiratory infection leads to severe pneumonia, which worries to progress hypoxaemia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).  Prolonged sessions in the prone position is an effective intervention to decrease mortality in these patients.... Read more

ICU Management

What Does ARDS Mean During COVID-19?

2021 14 Dec

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) was described as a syndrome in 1967. At that time, it was defined as a condition characterised by severe hypoxaemia and diffuse bilateral opacities. Diagnosis of ARDS has always been context-dependent, but overall, achievements in traumatic and medical resuscitation and the use of invasive mechanical ventilation... Read more

ICU Management

Corticosteroid Treatment in ARDS

2021 30 Mar

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening condition that is characterised by bilateral pulmonary infiltrates on chest imaging and refractory hypoxaemia. ARDS is common in critically ill patients in ICUs and is associated with significant mortality. Findings from a recent study show that approximately 10% of ICU patients suffered... Read more

ICU Management

#ISICEM19: Prof. Marco Ranieri - findings from SUPERNOVA trial/plans for SUPERNOVA 2

2019 22 Mar

At the 39th International Symposium on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine , Professor V. Marco Ranieri , University of Bologna, discussed the SUPERNOVA trial and presented an overview on extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal (ECCO 2 R) as a supportive measure in superprotective lung ventilation.  Mechanical ventilation can cause a form... Read more

ICU Management

Management of obese patients with ARDS

2019 12 Mar

At least one fifth of all patients admitted to the ICU are obese, and these patients are at risk of developing lung de-recruitment and then atelectasis. Moreover, the incidence of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is increased in obese patients.   A major challenge of the critical care management of obese patients is successful... Read more

ICU Management

New findings don't support PES-guided PEEP titration in ARDS

2019 12 Mar

Adjusting positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) to offset pleural pressure might attenuate lung injury and improve patient outcomes in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Researchers conducted a multicentre randomised clinical trial to determine whether PEEP titration guided by oesophageal pressure (PES), an estimate of pleural pressure,... Read more

ICU Management

Chronic high alcohol consumption increases ARDS risk

2018 18 Jul

A new systematic review and meta-analysis shows that chronic high alcohol consumption significantly increases the risk of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). This finding suggests that patients admitted to hospital should be screened for chronic alcohol use, according to researchers at the University of Nottingham's UK Centre for Tobacco... Read more

ICU Management

Early intravascular events may contribute to ARDS development

2018 27 Jun

A new analysis shows that biomarkers of intravascular monocyte activation in at-risk patients were associated with the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Further, the potential clinical benefit of early aspirin for prevention of ARDS remains uncertain, according to the findings reported in the American Journal of Respiratory... Read more

ICU Management

Managing ARDS in traumatic brain injury

2018 15 Jan

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients frequently suffer from lung complications and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which is associated with poor clinical outcomes. However, there are inadequate data addressing the safety or efficacy of ventilator strategies used in ARDS in adult patients with TBI, says an article published in Journal of... Read more

ICU Management

LIVES 2017: Lung recruitment and PEEP trial reports results

2017 27 Sep

Results from the Alveolar Recruitment for Acute Respiratory Distress Trial (ART)  randomised trial ("ART"), which compared a strategy using a lung recruitment manoeuvre and titrated positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) with low PEEP, increased 28-day all-cause mortality of patients with moderate to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).... Read more