Patients in need of care are oftentimes dependent on the use of containers like bedpans, bowls for toilet chairs, urine bottles and other nursing articles for their everyday personal hygiene. After every use these containers need to be  cleaned and disinfected, which is an expensive procedure.

Cost-intensive cleaning and disinfection equipment is used for this process which consumes water, electricity and chemicals and deprives of their nurse time. In addition, all cleaning and disinfection equipment has to be constantly validated and inspected at least every six months. Regular inspections still cannot completely exclude the risk of infections caused by technical defects between maintenance intervals. Furthermore, the degree of disinfection of the cleaning and disinfection equipment oftentimes is not sufficient to eliminate multi-resistant pathogens.