Breath Test for Diagnosing Fungal Pneumonia

Pneumonia is caused by many different microbes, and early identification of the bug culprit is important to ensure timely and appropriate treatment. A novel approach — analysing a patient's breath for key chemical compounds made by the infecting microbe — may help detect invasive aspergillosis, a fungal infection t

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Dramatic Decline in ARDS Mortality Rates

According to the largest study to date of mortality trends in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), advances in critical care medicine played a major role in reducing the rate of mortality over a sixteen year period. The study has been published in the journal CHEST and will be presented at Chest 20

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Flu Vaccine: Key to Preventing Heart Disease?

A new study published in Vaccine reveals for the first time the molecular mechanism which helps to explain how flu vaccines may be able to prevent heart attacks. Flu vaccines have long been known to have a protective effect against heart disease, thus reducing the risk of a heart attack. However, there is not much scie

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Synthetic Peptide Mimics Good Cholesterol

Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have successfully created a synthetic molecule that has the ability to mimic good cholesterol. The new molecule has been shown to reduce plaque build-up in the arteries of animal models and if taken orally, it is able to improve cholesterol in only two weeks. The res

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Consolidation Fails to Lower Healthcare Costs

A new study published in JAMA showed that between 2009 and 2012, total expenditures per patient for hospital, professional, laboratory, pharmaceutical and ancillary services were higher in hospital-owned physician organisations compared to physician-owned organisations in California. The patients were covered by commer

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Transparency in Pricing May Lower Claim Payments

According to a new study published in JAMA, searching a health service pricing website before using the service results in lower payments for clinical services such as laboratory tests and imaging. Due to changes in the healthcare insurance market, more and more insured patients now have to bear a greater proport

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Simulations Show How Bacteria Resist Antiobiotics

Research scientists at the University of Bristol have used computer simulations to show how bacteria destroy antibiotics. This could be a major breakthrough and could help in the development of drugs that can effectively tackle bacterial infections in the future. The research team focused on the role of enzymes in the

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First Combination Pill Approved For Hepatitis C

The FDA has approved a new antiviral drug to treat chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 infections. Harvoni from Gilead Sciences is the first combination drug (ledipasvir/sofosbuvir) for the treatment of HCV as well as the first treatment for the disease that does not require administration with interferon and ri

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PA Sensor Reduces Heart Failure Hospitalisations

A new wireless monitoring system that is implanted in the pulmonary artery can help keep patients with severe heart failure out of the hospital, according to a recent study. The CardioMEMS HF System from St. Jude Medical Inc. (St. Paul, MN, USA) is the only heart failure monitoring system approved by the Food and Drug

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Robots Raise Adnexal Surgery Costs, Complications

According to a new study published in the Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, using surgical robots for procedures on the ovaries, fallopian tubes or ovarian cysts is associated with higher costs and does not produce better outcomes. The study showed that robotically assisted adnexal surgery had a small but stat

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Blood Test Could Help Diagnose Schizophrenia

According to a new study, a blood test could determine who is at high risk for developing schizophrenia and other forms of psychosis. The research, conducted by Dr. Diana O. Perkins of the University of North Carolina and her research team, has been published in Schizophrenia Bulletin.Schizophrenia affects around 24 mi

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"Bio-floaters" in Antibiotic-Resistant Joint Infections

Results of a new study by Thomas Jefferson University (PA, USA) scientists published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases could help explain the joint pain caused by different infections, including Lyme disease, and why these infections are so resistant to antibiotic treatment."Our goal was to determine why Staphyloco

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MIR 2014: Social Media Brings Visibility

The irony of being without wifi while talking about social media was not lost on delegates to the Management in Radiology (MIR) Annual Scientific Meeting in Bologna this month. However, the temporary glitch did not detract from an informative session on the dos, don’ts and possibilities of social media. Social media

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MIR 2014: Calling In Critical Findings

The importance of communicating critical and incidental findings as soon as possible is not in dispute. The radiologist’s responsibility does not end with the report, and he/she has a duty to communicate findings to referring clinicians. As it it, failure to communicate appropriately is the second most common reason

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