Search Tag: ventilator-associated pneumonia

ICU Management

Probiotics can help prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia

2017 01 Nov

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is still an important cause of morbidity and mortality in mechanically ventilated patients. A new analysis of 13 randomised controlled trials (RCTs), involving 1,969 patients, finds that probiotics are significantly associated with a decreased risk of VAP in mechanically ventilated patients. "It seems likely that... Read more

ICU Management

Study: Preventing Ventilator-Associated Events

2017 28 May

Nearly 800,000 hospital patients undergo mechanical ventilation in the U.S. each year due to different illnesses such as stroke, brain injury or pneumonia. Going on a ventilator can often be the difference between life and death for some patients. While a ventilator does provide assistance in breathing, it is also associated with certain risks that... Read more

ICU Management

Treatment of Hospital-acquired Pneumonia: Updated Guidelines

2016 13 Dec

The American Thoracic Society and the Infectious Diseases Society of America have updated guidelines for the diagnosis and management of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). A summary of the latest recommendations for practising clinicians is published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.See... Read more

ICU Management

Study: Charted VAP Rates do not Match Nationally-Reported Rates

2016 14 Nov

A study of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) rates in intensive care units (ICU) published in JAMA  has revealed that rates have remained stable since 2005, in contrast to the declining rates reported for medical and surgical ICUs by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Healthcare Safety Network. Persistently... Read more

ICU Management

Prevention and Treatment of VAP: Cochrane Reviews

2016 08 Nov

Two recent Cochrane reviews have evaluated the evidence on oral hygiene care to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia (CAP) and antibiotics to treat it. Recommendations can be made on oral hygiene, but insufficient evidence exists for antibiotics.  See Also: Seven Days Antibiotics OK for HAP/ VAP, New GuidelinesOral HygieneIn the review by Hua and... Read more

ICU Management

Does VAE Surveillance Miss VAP Cases?

2016 01 Nov

A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies reporting consistency between ventilator-associated events and ventilator-associated pneumonia found that VAE surveillance was not accurate at detecting cases of traditional VAP in ICUs. The study is published in Critical Care. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Healthcare Safety... Read more

ICU Management

Volume 16 - Issue 3, 2016

2016 27 Sep

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ICU Management

Controversies in Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Diagnosis

2016 27 Sep

Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a ‏major complication of mechanical ‏ventilation and represents the most ‏common reason for antibiotic prescription in ‏ventilated patients. Incidence ranges from 1.2 ‏to 8.5 cases per 1000 ventilator days or 9 to ‏27% cases per mechanically ventilated patient; ‏attributable mortality rates vary between 0% ‏and 70%... Read more

ICU Management

Treating Complications from Abdominal Surgery

2016 30 May

Case Report Using Nonbronchoscopic BAL Use of the HALYARD* Mini-BAL Sampling Catheter proved invaluable in the case of a patient experiencing complications from abdominal surgery. Dr. Roberto Oggioni has been director of the Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care at S. Giovanni di Dio Hospital since 2012, and wrote up the case with colleague... Read more

ICU Management

Volume 16 - Issue 2, 2016

2016 27 May

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