Search Tag: ventilator-associated pneumonia

ICU Management

Early vs Late Tracheostomy and Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

2021 16 Mar

Surgically opening the windpipe, or trachea, within the first seven days of the start of mechanical ventilation decreases the time patients spend on ventilators, shortens their ICU stay and lowers their risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia, according to a new systematic review. "We analysed the existing medical literature to unravel a question... Read more

ICU Management

Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in COVID-19 Patients

2021 20 Jan

The coronavirus has a high incidence of patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Many patients infected with COVID-19 need to be admitted to the ICU for invasive ventilation. They are also at a high risk of developing secondary, ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). This is because of breach of natural defences by invasive devices,... Read more

ICU Management

Biomarker-Guided Antibiotic Stewardship in Suspected Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

2019 15 Dec

Ventilator-associated pneumonia carries enormous morbidity and mortality, including prolonging hospital stay and increasing the cost of healthcare. In most cases, ventilator-associated pneumonia occurs without any specific signs or symptoms. Making an accurate diagnosis is often difficult. Unlike the past, the administration of empirical antibiotics... Read more

ICU Management

Automated system detects risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia

2018 23 May

Researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) have developed an automated system for identifying patients at risk for complications associated with the use of mechanical ventilators. The new system uses an algorithm that has been shown to be 100 percent accurate in identifying at-risk patients when provided with necessary data, according... Read more

ICU Management

What's the latest on ventilator-associated pneumonia?"

2017 19 Dec

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most frequent life-threatening nosocomial infection in intensive care units. Although bundles of prevention measures are effective in decreasing the VAP rate, the insufficient compliance observed in clinical practice needs to be addressed in order to define easier-to-apply procedures, according to a review... Read more

ICU Management

Probiotics can help prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia

2017 01 Nov

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is still an important cause of morbidity and mortality in mechanically ventilated patients. A new analysis of 13 randomised controlled trials (RCTs), involving 1,969 patients, finds that probiotics are significantly associated with a decreased risk of VAP in mechanically ventilated patients. "It seems likely... Read more

ICU Management

Study: Preventing Ventilator-Associated Events

2017 28 May

Nearly 800,000 hospital patients undergo mechanical ventilation in the U.S. each year due to different illnesses such as stroke, brain injury or pneumonia. Going on a ventilator can often be the difference between life and death for some patients. While a ventilator does provide assistance in breathing, it is also associated with certain risks that... Read more

ICU Management

Treatment of Hospital-acquired Pneumonia: Updated Guidelines

2016 13 Dec

The American Thoracic Society and the Infectious Diseases Society of America have updated guidelines for the diagnosis and management of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). A summary of the latest recommendations for practising clinicians is published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.... Read more

ICU Management

Study: Charted VAP Rates do not Match Nationally-Reported Rates

2016 14 Nov

A study of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) rates in intensive care units (ICU) published in JAMA   has revealed that rates have remained stable since 2005, in contrast to the declining rates reported for medical and surgical ICUs by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Healthcare Safety Network. Persistently... Read more

ICU Management

Prevention and Treatment of VAP: Cochrane Reviews

2016 08 Nov

Two recent Cochrane reviews have evaluated the evidence on oral hygiene care to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia (CAP) and antibiotics to treat it. Recommendations can be made on oral hygiene, but insufficient evidence exists for antibiotics.  See Also : Seven Days Antibiotics OK for HAP/ VAP, New Guidelines Oral Hygiene In the review... Read more