Search Tag: ventilator-associated pneumonia

ICU Management

Study: Charted VAP Rates do not Match Nationally-Reported Rates

2016 14 Nov

A study of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) rates in intensive care units (ICU) published in JAMA  has revealed that rates have remained stable since 2005, in contrast to the declining rates reported for medical and surgical ICUs by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Healthcare Safety Network. Persistently... Read more

ICU Management

Prevention and Treatment of VAP: Cochrane Reviews

2016 08 Nov

Two recent Cochrane reviews have evaluated the evidence on oral hygiene care to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia (CAP) and antibiotics to treat it. Recommendations can be made on oral hygiene, but insufficient evidence exists for antibiotics.  See Also: Seven Days Antibiotics OK for HAP/ VAP, New GuidelinesOral HygieneIn the review by Hua and... Read more

ICU Management

Does VAE Surveillance Miss VAP Cases?

2016 01 Nov

A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies reporting consistency between ventilator-associated events and ventilator-associated pneumonia found that VAE surveillance was not accurate at detecting cases of traditional VAP in ICUs. The study is published in Critical Care. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Healthcare Safety... Read more

ICU Management

Volume 16 - Issue 3, 2016

2016 27 Sep

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ICU Management

Controversies in Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Diagnosis

2016 27 Sep

Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a ‏major complication of mechanical ‏ventilation and represents the most ‏common reason for antibiotic prescription in ‏ventilated patients. Incidence ranges from 1.2 ‏to 8.5 cases per 1000 ventilator days or 9 to ‏27% cases per mechanically ventilated patient; ‏attributable mortality rates vary between 0% ‏and 70%... Read more

ICU Management

Treating Complications from Abdominal Surgery

2016 30 May

Case Report Using Nonbronchoscopic BAL Use of the HALYARD* Mini-BAL Sampling Catheter proved invaluable in the case of a patient experiencing complications from abdominal surgery. Dr. Roberto Oggioni has been director of the Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care at S. Giovanni di Dio Hospital since 2012, and wrote up the case with colleague... Read more

ICU Management

Volume 16 - Issue 2, 2016

2016 27 May

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ICU Management

Closer Collaboration Between Nurses and Physicians May Minimise VAP Risk

2016 17 May

Greater collaboration between ICU nursing and medicine could help to minimise ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), according to a study that will be presented at the American Thoracic Society (ATS) 2016 International Conference in San Francisco on 17 May.Previous research has shown that a better nurse work environment and a closed ICU doctor staffing... Read more

ICU Management

VAP: Old Definitions like Old Wine May Be Best?

2016 08 Mar

A single centre retrospective study that evaluated the accuracy in high-risk trauma patients of the infection-related ventilator-associated complications (IVAC) algorithm for detecting ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) found that it failed to detect nearly three-quarters of patients with VAP. The study is published in Respiratory Care. Following... Read more


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