Search Tag: mechanical ventilation

ICU Management

Mechanical ventilation journey continues - an expert look

2017 14 Sep

While mechanical ventilation is widely used and has improved greatly since first used in the 1950s, there is still room for improvement, according to a state-of-the-art review of mechanical ventilation, published in the September 2017 issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings. Mechanical ventilation experts Tài Pham MD, Laurent Brochard and Arthur Slutsky from... Read more

ICU Management

ICU Costs Higher for Patients Dying Before Discharge

2017 22 Aug

The high cost of critical care has engendered research into identifying influential factors. However, previous studies have not considered patient vital status at ICU discharge. This is what a new study has found: The largest drivers of ICU costs at the patient level are day 1 room occupancy and day 1 mechanical ventilation, and mortality before unit... Read more

ICU Management

5-Year Trends of Critical Care Practice and Outcomes

2017 15 Aug

According to researchers in the U.S., analyses of patients, practices, and outcomes from a large geographically dispersed sample of adult ICUs revealed trends of increasing age and acuity, higher rates of adherence to best practice, use of non-invasive mechanical ventilation and decreased use of antimicrobials, transfusions, and duration of renal replacement... Read more

ICU Management

Finding Ways to Improve Mechanical Ventilation

2017 18 Jul

A review paper published in the journal Critical Care discusses current problems associated with mechanical ventilation and some important suggestions to improve future care. The review focuses primarily on limiting tissue damage, thereby improving the safety of artificial ventilation.   Also, authors say they limited their analysis to acute respiratory distress... Read more

ICU Management

Humidification During Mechanical Ventilation: A Systematic Review

2017 07 Jun

Mechanical ventilation (MV) suppresses the mechanisms that heat and moisturise inhaled air; hence, humidification is mandatory during MV. However, a systematic review published in the journal Critical Care finds no clear advantages in terms of clinical outcomes for different humidification devices.Gas delivered during mechanical ventilation must be... Read more

ICU Management

Clinical Trials in ARDS - Challenges and Opportunities

2017 07 Jun

A number of supportive therapies have reduced mortality in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), including lung-protective mechanical ventilation, neuromuscular blockade, and prone positioning. Fluid-conservative therapy has also increased ventilator-free days in patients with ARDS. However, the lack of success of pharmacological therapies for... Read more

ICU Management

Mechanical Ventilation: Post-extubation Respiratory Support

2017 31 May

A new study, published in Annals of Intensive Care, suggests that high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) may be a powerful respiratory support in the post-extubation period with multiple physiologic and clinical benefits. The randomised controlled trial compared HFNC versus low-flow oxygen supplied through nasal prongs or facial mask for 24 hours after extubation... Read more

ICU Management

Volume 17 - Issue 2, 2017

2017 28 May

Change content default value Read more

ICU Management

Airway Pressure Release Ventilation: What's Good About It?

2017 28 May

The use of APRV has many proposed benefits for patients with lung injury. However, quality evidence supporting the use of this technique is limited. This article summarises the purported benefits and limitations of routine use of the technique in the management of ARDS, and critically reviews the evidence supporting its use.   Airway pressure release... Read more

ICU Management

Study: Preventing Ventilator-Associated Events

2017 28 May

Nearly 800,000 hospital patients undergo mechanical ventilation in the U.S. each year due to different illnesses such as stroke, brain injury or pneumonia. Going on a ventilator can often be the difference between life and death for some patients. While a ventilator does provide assistance in breathing, it is also associated with certain risks that... Read more