Search Tag: cardiac arrest

ICU Management

Cardiac Arrest Management

2017 28 May

The treatment of cardiac arrest has made significant progress over the last 10–15 years. This period marks a significant turning point, because the treatment of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) had often been considered an exercise in futility, with no improvement in outcome for the previous 30 years (Berdowski et al. 2010). In recent years, several investigators... Read more

ICU Management

Prehospital Care for Cardiac Arrest: How to Improve Outcome

2017 28 May

More patient lives have been saved after OHCA in recent years, but the numbers can improve further. Increased awareness, more education of laypersons and more first responders, in combination with reduced response times for the EMS and early defibrillation will save many lives   The chances of surviving an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA)... Read more

ICU Management

Targeted Therapeutic Mild Hypercapnia After Cardiac Arrest

2017 28 May

Cardiac arrest (CA) causes ischaemic brain injury and persistent cerebral hypoperfusion and cerebral hypoxia during the early post-resuscitation period. PaCO2 is the major physiological regulator of cerebral blood flow, is a modifiable component of care and mild hypercapnia may lead to improved neurological outcomes for resuscitated CA survivors.... Read more

ICU Management

Prognostication Following Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

2017 28 May

This article reviews the current evidence on prognostication after cardiac arrest.   Post-resuscitation care has developed and evolved significantly since 2003, following recommendations by the Advanced Life Support task force of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation to implement therapeutic hypothermia (TH) in unconscious survivors... Read more

ICU Management

Cardiac Arrest: Bystander CPR's Impact on Survival, Cost

2017 16 May

Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is crucial to successful resuscitation following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Now new research shows that bystander CPR was positively associated with long-term survival and appears cost-effective with an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of USD48,044 per quality-adjusted life year (QALY).... Read more

ICU Management

Sepsis-associated In-hospital Cardiac Arrest

2017 11 Apr

Sepsis-associated cardiac arrest is a relatively common occurrence with especially poor outcomes. A review paper, published in Journal of Critical Care, discusses the epidemiology of sepsis-associated in-hospital cardiac arrest in adults and children, the relevant physiology responsible for its pathogenesis and poor outcomes, and potential therapeutic... Read more

Cardiology Management

Cardiac Arrest Patients Do Better If Admitted to Specialist Centre

2017 02 Apr

For cardiac arrest patients, admission to a specialist heart centre rather than to the nearest general hospital is associated with improved chances of survival, according to a study reported in European Heart Journal. Researchers say that distance needed to travel to a specialist heart centre is not linked to better or worse risk of death. See Also... Read more

ICU Management

Categorisation of Survival and Death after Cardiac Arrest

2017 14 Mar

Most cardiac arrest (CA) patients remain comatose post resuscitation, prompting goals-of-care (GOC) conversations. Researchers studying the impact of these conversations on patient outcomes have found that most CA survivors due to family wishes despite poor neurological prognosis die or have poor outcomes at one-year. The findings will be published... Read more

ICU Management

In-Hospital Cardiac Arrests and Resuscitation

2017 31 Jan

A multi-centre observational study was conducted to report the duration of resuscitation for patients after an in-hospital cardiac arrest as well as to examine the relationship between resuscitation and neurologically intact survival to discharge. See Also : ESA2016: Death by Resuscitation? For the purpose of the study, the authors collated... Read more