Search Tag: acute respiratory distress syndrome

ICU Management

Noninvasive Ventilation in Early Stage Mild ARDS

2019 06 Sep

A recent study assessed the ability of early noninvasive ventilation (NIV) intervention to decrease the need for invasive ventilation in patients with mild forms of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). This method has already proved successful for acute respiratory failure patients but has not been tested in ARDS.   Use of NIV in ARDS patients... Read more

ICU Management

Lung Recruitment in Patients with Severe ARDS

2019 30 Aug

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) affects up to 10% of patients in the ICU. Typical symptoms of ARDS include an increase in lung weight and a reduction of aerated lung tissue. For the treatment of ARDS alveolar recruitment is key, however, this has not yet been shown to benefit severe ARDS cases. It has been suggested that lung recruitment... Read more

ICU Management

Personalised Mechanical Ventilation - The LIVE Study

2019 18 Aug

The effectiveness of personalised mechanical ventilation in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is still unclear. A new study was conducted in France to test whether a mechanical ventilation strategy personalised to an individual patient's lung morphology could improve survival compared with the standard of care.  For the... Read more

ICU Management

Understanding the Influenza Virus

2019 25 Jul

Diagnosis of the Influenza virus remains a challenge in the ICU. It is vital that knowledge of its pathophysiology and epidemiology is known so clinicians can make informed decisions regarding their patients’ health.   The Influenza virus is found most commonly to replicate in the respiratory tract in humans. This is mainly due to the haemagglutinin... Read more

ICU Management

European guidelines on the management of traumatic induced bleeding

2019 30 May

Interview with Rolf Rossaint, Prof. of Anaesthesiology, RWTH University Aachen, Germany. Rolf Rossaint is a Professor and Chairman of the Department of Anaesthesiology of the University Hospital at the RWTH University Aachen, Germany. Prof. Rossaint has published several high-quality studies dealing with the treatment of severe acute respiratory... Read more

ICU Management

Declining rate of ARDS-related mortality

2019 05 Mar

There have been multiple advances in the management of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), but the temporal trends in ARDS-related mortality are not well known. Conservative fluid management strategy for ARDS, in particular, has been extensively studied and is increasingly being used in clinical practice. However, it is largely unknown whether... Read more

ICU Management

Phenotyping: need to identify subgroups of ARDS patients

2018 11 Dec

The consensus definitions of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) mainly rely on feasible clinical criteria, which help to group patients together for inclusion in clinical trials and for clinical management. This generates clinical and biological differences in observable patient characteristics. These differences could be used to group ARDS... Read more

ICU Management

Are 'sniffer systems' effective in detecting ARDS?

2018 11 Dec

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) results in substantial mortality but remains underdiagnosed in clinical practice. For this reason, automated “sniffer” systems that analyse electronic records have been developed to assist clinicians with ARDS diagnosis. However, a new systematic review found that these sniffer tools had moderate to high predictive... Read more

ICU Management

Closer monitoring needed for patients with 'mild' ARDS

2018 04 Dec

If you landed here from ICU Highlights e-newsletter you may be looking for New protocol for respiratory infectious disease diagnosis in ICU. Hospital mortality in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is approximately 40 percent, but mortality and trajectory in “mild” ARDS – classified only since 2012 – are unknown. A new study finds that... Read more

ICU Management

Alleviating inflammation: new inhibitor could treat ARDS in future

2018 20 Nov

A newly discovered OGG1 inhibitor has been found to decrease lung inflammation in mice and could in future treat acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), sepsis and autoimmune diseases. The six-year study, by an international team of researchers, is published in Science . The research shows that the OGG1 protein, which is involved in repairing... Read more