Search Tag: Brain

IT Management

Wireless Devices Manage Pain Signals

2015 17 Nov

New implantable wireless devices can be used to trigger — and, in theory, block — pain signals in the body and spinal cord before those signals reach the brain, according to a new study published in the journal Nature Biotechnology . Researchers say the implants may one day be used in different parts of the body to fight pain that doesn't respond to... Read more

IMAGING Management

See-through Brains Ready for Study

2015 18 Sep

A new technique for creating transparent tissue has enabled Japanese researchers to visualise brain anatomy in 3D, giving them new insights into Alzheimer's disease plaques. "While Superman's x-ray vision is only the stuff of comics, our method, called Sca/eS, is a real and practical way to see through brain and body tissue," says lead scientist Atsushi... Read more

IMAGING Management

MRI Improves Diagnosis of Microbleeding after Brain Injury

2015 15 Sep

A new study in the journal Radiology suggests that imaging patients soon after traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs could help to detect cerebral microhaemorrhages more accurately. Researchers used susceptibility-weighted imaging — an MRI technique that provides improved visibility of blood and is highly sensitive to haemorrhage — to evaluate U.S.... Read more

IMAGING Management

MRI Predicts Cognitive Outcome in Preterm Children

2015 07 Sep

A study published in the neurology journal Brain suggests that children born prematurely are more likely to have low mathematical achievement at school age, which may be caused by reduced working memory and number skills. The study aimed to examine the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after birth to identify infants at risk of later academic... Read more

ICU Management

Anaesthesia: Brain Effects Differ in Old and Young Patients

2015 17 Aug

In a series of studies, Massachusetts General Hospital's researchers have observed the differences in the way common anaesthetics affect the brains of older patients and children — findings that could lead to ways of improving monitoring technology and the safety of general anaesthesia for such patients. Emery Brown, MD, PhD, and Patrick Purdon, PhD,... Read more

IT Management

Game App Helps Improve Memory in Schizophrenia

2015 06 Aug

University of Cambridge researchers have developed a "brain training" iPad game that can help improve the memory and daily functioning of patients with schizophrenia. The game is aimed at improving an individual's episodic memory, one of the facets of cognitive functioning to be affected in schizophrenia patients. "We need a way of treating the cognitive... Read more

IMAGING Management

New Imaging Tool: Probe Into the Brain

2015 03 Aug

A new imaging tool has allowed Boston scientists to look inside the brain of an adult mouse at a scale previously unachievable, generating images at a nanoscale resolution. The researchers' goal is to make the resource available to the scientific community in the form of a national brain observatory. Their work is reported in the journal Cell . The... Read more

Executive Health Management

World Brain Day Focuses on Epilepsy

2015 20 Jul

This year's World Brain Day (22 July) campaign aims to improve awareness and care of epilepsy, a common neurological disorder that affects more than 50 million people worldwide. The most important causes of epilepsy include perinatal brain injury, infections, traumatic brain injury, and stroke — and all these conditions are preventable. In January... Read more

IMAGING Management

Substance Abuse Reduces Brain Volume in Women

2015 14 Jul

A brain imaging study published in the journal Radiology reveals that stimulant drug abuse has long-term effects on brain volume in women. Researchers found that brain structures involved in learning, reward and executive control showed vast changes even after a prolonged period of abstinence from drug use.   The study, led by Jody Tanabe, MD, professor... Read more

IMAGING Management

Imaging Study Shows Spinal Cord Learns on Its Own

2015 03 Jul

A groundbreaking imaging study published in PLOS Biology shows that the spinal cord engages in its own learning of motor tasks independent of the brain. The new findings may provide new opportunities for rehabilitation after spinal cord injury, according to researchers.. Using a 3.0T MRI scanner, the researchers performed functional magnetic resonance... Read more